The Summer School on high energy physics grows out from the Taiwan Spring School on Particles and Fields, which started in 1986. The main purpose of the spring school on particles and fields is educational, delivering the basic knowledge and the most recent progress on particles and fields to graduate students. Over the years, the spring school has slowly evolved and has become also a meeting place where a very large fraction of the community attends and enjoys hearing about the latest research developments in the subject. Someone has written a history of the spring school here in 2011. Here is a list of the previous spring school.

However it is not easy for the spring school to serve both the purposes with full justice. In 2013, a growing consensus has reached in the community that it will be good to have designated meetings to serve these purposes separately. In respond to this, the summer school is organized by NCTS, with the dedication to carry on the excellent tradition of the Spring School.